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- Death of French writer Albert Camus in a car accident. Among his most famous novels: L'Étranger and La Peste.
- The Olympic Games take place in Rome.
- In Argentina, the Israeli secret services kidnap Adolf Eichmann, SS section leader and theorist behind the "final solution" applied to Jews during the Second World War.
- The Soviet army shoots down a U-2 American reconnaissance plane flying over its territory.
- Some ten former African colonies gain the status of independent state during the summer of 1960.