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- After seven years of conflict, Algeria obtains its independence.
- Death at age 36 of famous actress Marilyn Monroe, originally named Norma Jean Baker.
- The Americans conduct a space flight around the world with Lieutenant-Colonel John H. Glenn.
- American President John F. Kennedy imposes a partial blockade of the island of Cuba.
- The Soviet Missile Crisis ends with an agreement foreseeing the withdrawal of Soviet missiles from the island with the promise by the Americans not to attempt to invade Cuba.
- British group The Beatles records their first 45, featuring two songs.